Anatomy of the sternal muscle
Myofascial syndrome of the sternal muscle.
The myofascial syndrome appears after pain referred to the sternal region as myocardial ischemia or from one end of the muscle (rectus in the lower part, sterno-cleido-mastoid in the upper part). Referred pain from the sternal muscle takes the following topography (fuchsia zone), it can be deep under the sternal. When the pain is initially related to myocardial ischemic pathology, the pain may persist while the cardiac problem is resolved.
The examination of the muscle is done by hand flat on the sternal region, we find a painful point with an exquisite sensitivity (green point).
The treatment is done by ischemic compression or by infiltration of local anesthesia at the level of the painful point.