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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain of myofascial origin in the posterior part of the ankle

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Soleus and tibialis posterior muscles

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior leg pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Tibialis anterior muscle (subscription) Hip adductors (subscription)

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior leg pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg (soleus, plantaris, tibialis posterior,

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior and medial knee pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Vastus medialis, rectus femoris and gracilis muscles (quadriceps femoris) Adductor muscles Sartorius

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lateral knee pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Vastus lateralis muscle (quadriceps femoris)

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior knee pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Rectus femoris and vastus medialis muscles (quadriceps femoris) Hip adductors

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Medial thigh pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Hip adductors Sartorius muscle Quadriceps femoris muscle  

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior thigh pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Gluteus minimus muscle Piriformis muscle Posterior thigh muscles Internal obturator muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior thigh pain of muscular origin

  Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Iliopsoas muscle Quadriceps femoris muscle Sartorius muscle Hip adductors

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior knee pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Muscle of the posterior compartment of the thigh (biceps femoris, semi-membranous, semi-tendinous)

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lateral hip and thigh pain

  Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Gluteus minimus muscle Square muscle of the loins Tensor fascia lata

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lateral chest pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Serratus anterior Latissimus dorsi muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior chest pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Pectoralis major muscle Pectoralis minor muscle Sternal muscle Scalene muscles Sternocleidomastoid muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lower posterior chest pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Iliocostal thoracic muscle Multifidus muscle Posterior and inferior serratus muscle Rectus abdominis

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Palmar finger pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Latissimus dorsi muscle Subclavian muscle Serratus anterior Infraspinatus muscle Flexor muscles of

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Palmar wrist and hand pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Pectoralis minor muscle Serratus anterior Infraspinatus muscle Flexor carpi radialis muscle Flexor

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior (palmar) forearm pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Serratus anterior Infraspinatus muscle Triceps brachii muscle Palmaris longus muscle Pronator teres

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior elbow pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Biceps brachii muscle Brachialis muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Upper back pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles Levator scapula muscle Supraspinatus muscle Trapezius muscle Multifidus muscles Splenius

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Face and jaw pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Masseter muscle Lateral pterygoid muscle Medial pterygoid muscle Digastric muscle Trapezius muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Eye and eyebrow pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Temporal muscle Masseter muscle Orbicularis oculi muscle (subscription required) Sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle (subscription

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Toothache

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Temporal muscle               Digastric muscle Masseter

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior neck pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Digastric muscle (on subscription) Media pterygoid muscle (on subscription) Sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle (on

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior neck pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Trapezius muscle Multifidus and semispinatus muscle Splenius muscle of the neck Levator

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Ear and temporomandibular joint pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Masseter muscle Sternocleidomastoid muscle Lateral pterygoid muscle Medial pterygoid muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the front (front) part of the head

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Occipito-frontal muscle Sternocleidomastoid muscle (subscription) Semispinatus muscle (subscription) Zygomaticus major muscle (subscription)

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the temporal part of the head

A number of muscles in the neck and head can be responsible for pain referred to the temporal part of the head. Trapezius muscle (by subscription). Splenius muscle Sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle (on subscription). Temporal muscle Sub-occipital

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the back of the head

The following muscles may be responsible for pain in the back of the head: Trapezius muscle Semispinatus muscle Splenius muscle of the neck Suboccipital muscles Occipito-frontal muscle Sternocleidomastoid muscle Digastric muscle Temporal muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Vertex pain of muscular origin

Two muscles can be responsible for this isolated pain: Sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle (on subscription) Splenius capitis muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pelvic pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Pelvic floor muscles Hip adductors

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lower abdominal pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Abdominal muscles Iliocostal muscle of the thorax Square muscle of the loins

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Buttock pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for this pain, a line can be selected for more detail on a particular muscle: Longissimus muscle of the thorax Iliocostal muscle of the lower back Multifidus

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the back of the shoulder

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Deltoid muscle Levator scapula muscle Scalene muscles Supraspinatus muscle Teres major muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the back of the arm

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles Deltoid muscle Subscapular muscle Infraspinatus muscle Triceps brachii muscle Teres

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior-median chest pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles Latissimus dorsi muscle Levator scapula muscle Iliocostal thoracic muscle Multifidus

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the front side of the shoulder

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Infraspinatus muscle Deltoid muscle Scalene muscles Supraspinatus muscle Pectoralis major muscle Pectoralis

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the front of the arm

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles Supraspinatus muscle Infraspinatus muscle Deltoid muscle Sternal muscle Subclavian muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Serratus Anterior Myofascial Syndrome MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder Description It is made up of 3 groups of fibres: At the top, muscle fibers insert on the first rib and join behind the scapula. Intermediate, groups of fibers are inserted on the

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the pectoral muscle MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder Description Made up of the pectoral muscle which has 3 heads: Head Clavicular Sternal head costal leader An abdominal boss for some and subclavian muscle The subclavian muscle sits under the collarbone and

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the extensor muscles of the hand MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder Description 1 – Brachioradialis muscle 2 – Extensor carpi radialis longus 3 – Extensor carpi radialis brevis 4 – Abductor pollicis longus 5 – Thumb extensor brevis 6 – Long thumb extensor 7

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the coracobrachialis muscle MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder The coraco-brachialis muscle attaches, above, to the coracoid process and, below, to the medial part, in its middle part, of the humeral diaphysis its function is the flexion and adduction of the arm

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Latissimus dorsi muscle myofascial syndrome ABONNE

Anatomical reminder This very extensive muscle is inserted, in its medial part, on the spines of the last 6 thoracic vertebrae, the 5 lumbar vertebrae, on the sacrum, on the iliac crest and on the

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Torticollis: myofascial syndrome of the levator scapula muscle MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder The levator scapula attaches above to the transverse processes of the first 4 cervical vertebrae and below to the superomedial angle of the scapula. Its role is: to elevate the medial aspect of

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the square muscle of the loins MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder   The anatomical insertions on 3 different structures give rise to 3 groups of fibers of different orientation: The fibers, which start at the top of the twelfth side and attach, at the

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the piriformis muscle and short lateral rotator muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder These muscles include: The piriformis muscle The upper and lower gastrocnemius muscles The square femoris muscle The internal and external obturator muscles 1- gluteus maximus muscle (cut) 2- gluteus medius muscle (sectioned) 3-

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the deep intrinsic muscles of the foot MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder The deep intrinsic muscles of the foot are composed of: plantar quadratus muscle lumbrical muscles flexor hallucis brevis muscle flexor muscle of the little toe interosseous muscles. 1- Lumbar muscles 2- Plantar square

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the extensor digitorum longus muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder Composed of 2 muscles: the extensor digitorum longus and the extensor hallucis longus. 1 -Tibia 2-Extensor hallucis longus muscle 3-Inferior extensor reticunalum 4-Tendon of the extensor hallucis longus 5-Tendon of the extensor digitorum

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the head and neck splenius MEDECIN

Anatomical reminder It is composed of an upper part, the splenius muscle of the head, and a lower part, the splenius muscle of the neck: They lie directly under the trapezius muscle. 1- semi-spinous of

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the popliteal muscle MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder It takes its proximal insertions on the lateral face of the external or lateral femoral condyle and distal from the medial side of the posterior face of the tibia. It prevents the femur

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the quadriceps femoris muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder Muscle composed of 4 heads: Right femoral vastus medialis Vast Intermediate wide lateral The muscles of the quadriceps group insert all 4, distally, on the patella. The patella is attached to the anterior

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the posterior leg muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder From the surface to the depth we find: –The gastrocnemius muscle composed of two heads, medial and lateral (former internal and external twin). It is inserted, proximally, on the posterior distal end of

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the gluteus medius muscle: lumbago muscle MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder The posterior part of the gluteus medius muscle sits deep within the gluteus maximus muscle. Its lower part covers the small gluteus muscle. The proximal insertions of the muscle are on the anterior

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Sternal muscle myofascial syndrome MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomy of the sternal muscle The sternal muscle is an inconstant muscle whose fibers run parallel on either side of the sternum. They are located above the insertion of the pectoral muscle on the sternum

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Occipito-frontal myofascial syndrome MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomy of the occipitofrontalis muscle. This muscle is composed of an anterior frontal part and an occipital part (in red). They are attached to an aponeurosis which covers the skull (in yellow) and which slides

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Myofascial syndrome

Myofascial syndrome. MEDECIN LIBRE

The myofascial syndrome: introduction These pains of muscular origin are encountered daily by doctors but are unfortunately poorly understood or ignored. However, they are responsible in some patients for major and disabling functional impairment. The

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the abdominal muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

Pain related to the abdominal musculature often poses diagnostic problems. Indeed, the relationships with the underlying viscera are close. Thus, myofascial syndromes of the abdominal muscles can be responsible for digestive or genitourinary disorders such

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial supraspinatus muscle syndrome MEDECIN ABONNE

Rappel anatomique The supraspinatus or supraspinatus muscle attaches medially to the inside of the top of the scapula and laterally to the greater tuberosity of the humeral head (shoulder). (anatomyWikipédia) Myofascial supraspinatus muscle syndrome The

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the gluteus minimus: pseudo sciatica. MEDECIN ABONNE

Myofascial syndrome of the gluteus minimus muscle is responsible for pseudo-sciatica. The contracture of this muscle is responsible for pain projecting on the lateral part of the thigh sometimes up to the ankle (red zone).

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Head and neck muscles

Myofascial syndrome of the masseter muscle. MEDECIN LIBRE

The masseter muscle (muscle of the jaw, of mastication), (orange area) is located in front of the ear, from the lower jaw to the outer side of the eye. (Masseter muscle – Wikipedia) Referred pain

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Head and neck muscles

Temporal muscle myofascial syndrome ABONNE LIBRE

Headache related to contracture of an area of the temporalis muscle (orange area) is common. It is generally located at the level of the temple, above the orbit, and sometimes manifests itself by dental pain

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Post operative chronic pain