Pathologies

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Pathologies

Long covid

Description of the different symptoms linked to long Covid by the high French health authority.

Pathologies

Neuropostural syndrome of anterior cervical scars

Description As we defined in neuropostural syndrome, the pain felt by the patient can be neurological and/or postural: Neuropathic pain is related to scarring neuropathy from an anterior cervical scar. Muscle pain is linked to

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Pathologies

Neuropostural Syndrome: Definition

New physiopathological concept sometimes suspected by professionals working on posture (physiotherapist, osteopath, posturologist podiatrist, functional rehabilitation doctor) Definition : Combines scar neuropathy and a global posture disorder aimed at reducing the impact of scar neuropathy.

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Pathologies

Postural assessment by videogrammetry

Non-ionizing technique for measuring postures by taking high-frequency photographs for a period of around twenty seconds with computer reconstruction making it possible to produce reproducible and reliable assessments with a reliability of 0.1 mm. You

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Pathologies

Pain and breast cancer

Pain in breast cancer depends on the disease itself and its local and metastatic course, but also on the treatments implemented. Cancer pain. Pain from excess nociception. Linked to its more or less inflammatory character,

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Dental pains

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Temporal muscle Digastric muscle Masseter muscle

Myofascial syndrome

The antero-lateral (AL) muscle chain

Composition of the antero-lateral (AL) muscle chain Muscles of the main structure of the AL chain: Muscles of the lower limbs:   Front part of the gluteus medius. Fascia lata tensor. Anterior tibial and posterior

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Pathologies

The postero-anterior-anterior-posterior (PA AP) muscle chain

Composition of the postero-anterior-anterior-posterior (PA AP) muscle chain: The main chain has 4 muscle groups, each with a specific function: The Sentinel Group of the Vertical Axis: Deep posterior muscles of the spine: Multifids. Inter

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Pathologies

The postero-median muscle chain (PM)

Composition of the postero-median muscle chain: The main part consists of the head and trunk muscles, from top to bottom: –Tensed musculo-aponeurotic structures from the occiput to the orbital region. -Semispinatus, longissimus of the head.

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Pathologies

The anteromedial (AM) muscle chain

Composition of the anteromedial muscle chain:   The main part includes the muscles of the head and trunk, from top to bottom: – Orbicularis of the lips -Digastrics – Anterior part of the sterno-cleido-mastoid -Anterior

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Pathologies

The posterolateral (PL) muscle chain

Composition of the posterolateral (PL) muscle chain Main structures of the PL chain Muscles of the chain of the lower limbs: Gluteus medius. External hamstrings (short and long portion of the biceps femoris) Vastus lateralis

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Pathologies

Global muscle chains

Global muscle chain theory Description of the motor functioning of the body in its entirety and modeling of global muscle chains balancing with each other and defining the posture of an individual as a whole.

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Anterior neck pain

Swallowing disorders and/or dysphonia of scar origin

Reminder Explain chronic pain Cicatricial neuropathies Associated myofascial syndromes that modify the clinical symptoms of cicatricial neuropathies. Description Appearance in the month following surgery by anterior cervical approach (thyroid surgery, ENT surgery and cervical spine

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Guide to scar pain

Guide to chronic scarring or post-traumatic pain

Definition of scarring or post-traumatic pain The guide to scarring pain references all neuropathic-type pain found after surgery, trauma (hematoma, sprain, dislocations), burns, medical procedures (infiltrations, drug injections, vaccines, manipulations ). Symptoms are described in

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Guide to scar pain

Scarred leg pain

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of scarred leg pain are (non-exhaustive): Knee surgery (prosthesis, arthroscopy, etc.) Wound, burn, hematoma of the knee Wound, burn, hematoma of the leg Varicose

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Ankle and foot pain

Scarred ankle and foot pain

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. Causes of ankle and foot pain of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Knee surgery (prosthesis, arthroscopy, etc.) Wound, burn, hematoma of the knee Wound, burn, hematoma of

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Ankle and foot pain

Ankle surgery

Reminder Explain chronic pain Cicatricial neuropathies Associated myofascial syndromes that modify the clinical symptoms of cicatricial neuropathies. Description The ankle can be operated for disabling osteoarthritis, severe sprains, instability, fracture. The interventions are, depending on

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Guide to scar pain

Thigh, knee and leg pain caused by scarring

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of scarred thigh pain are (non-exhaustive): Hip surgery (prosthesis, abutment, etc.) Femur surgery (particularly fracture) Open femoral artery surgery or femoral angioplasty Wound, hematoma,

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Guide to scar pain

Thigh pain caused by scarring

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of scarred thigh pain are (non-exhaustive): Open abdominal surgery (Stomach, small intestine, colon, gallbladder, pancreas, liver, spleen, etc.) Open renal, ureteral or adrenal surgery

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Guide to scar pain

Knee surgery (prosthesis, arthroscopy, etc.)

Reminder Explain chronic pain Cicatricial neuropathies Associated myofascial syndromes that modify the clinical symptoms of cicatricial neuropathies. Description Knee surgery is done either arthroscopically or by open surgery (knee prosthesis, tendon transposition intervention, ligamentoplasty, etc.).

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Guide to scar pain

Lower abdominal, pelvic and root of thigh pain of scarring origin

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of abdominal pain of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Open abdominal surgery (Stomach, small intestine, colon, gallbladder, pancreas, liver, spleen, etc.) Open renal, ureteral or

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Guide to scar pain

Episiotomy, bartholinitis

Reminder Explain chronic pain Cicatricial neuropathies Associated myofascial syndromes that modify the clinical symptoms of cicatricial neuropathies. Description The surgical approaches to these two procedures are vulvar for bartholinitis +/- perineal for episiotomy. We will

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Guide to scar pain

Pain in the buttocks and the root of the thigh caused by scarring

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of lumbar pain of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Lumbar spine surgery: by anterior approach by posterior approach Wound, hematoma, burn in the lumbar region

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Guide to scar pain

Lumbar pain of scar origin

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of lumbar pain of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Lumbar spine surgery: anteriorly by posterior approach Open abdominal surgery (Stomach, small intestine, colon, gallbladder, pancreas,

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Abdominal pain

Abdominal pain of scarring origin

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of abdominal pain of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Open abdominal surgery (Stomach, small intestine, colon, gallbladder, pancreas, liver, spleen, etc.) Open renal, ureteral or

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Guide to scar pain

Open gynecological surgery or caesarean section

Reminder Explain chronic pain Cicatricial neuropathies Associated myofascial syndromes that modify the clinical symptoms of cicatricial neuropathies. Description This surgery is performed by a more or less wide horizontal suprapubic incision (in green). It can

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Abdominal pain

Open abdominal surgery (Stomach, small intestine, colon, gallbladder, pancreas, liver, spleen)

Reminder Explain chronic pain Cicatricial neuropathies Associated myofascial syndromes that modify the clinical symptoms of cicatricial neuropathies. Description Open abdominal surgery includes different routes dictated by the underlying surgery to be performed. The neuropathic pains

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Anterior neck pain

Pain in the wrist and hand caused by scarring

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of pain in the elbow and forearm of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Cervical spine surgery by posterior approach Cervical surgery by anterior approach Shoulder,

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Guide to scar pain

Forearm pain caused by scarring

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of pain in the elbow and forearm of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Cervical spine surgery by posterior approach Cervical surgery by anterior approach Shoulder,

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Guide to scar pain

Pain in the arm, elbow and forearm caused by scarring

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of pain in the elbow and forearm of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Cervical spine surgery by posterior approach Cervical surgery by anterior approach Shoulder,

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Guide to scar pain

Shoulder and arm pain caused by scarring

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of shoulder and arm pain of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Shoulder, collarbone, thoraco-brachial outlet surgery Cervical spine surgery by posterior approach Cervical spine surgery

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Anterior chest pain

Anterior chest pain of scarring origin

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. Causes of anterior chest pain of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Cardiac or mediastinal surgery by sternotomy Pulmonary surgery Dorsal spine surgery by: Lateral approach (the pain

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Guide to scar pain

Posterior chest pain of scarring origin

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of anterior chest pain of scarring origin are (not exhaustive) Pulmonary surgery Dorsal spine surgery by: Lateral approach (the pain is the same as

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Guide to scar pain

Pulmonary surgery

Reminder Explain chronic pain Cicatricial neuropathies Associated myofascial syndromes that modify the clinical symptoms of cicatricial neuropathies. Description Lung surgery can be performed: by open surgery (thoracotomy) with a wide incision allowing a passage between

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Pathologies

Neuropathic pain

Definition of neuropathic pain The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) defines neuropathic pain as pain related to an injury or disease affecting the somatosensory system. It therefore does not have the same

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Guide to scar pain

Posterior neck pain of scarring origin

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. These pains are neuropathic pains. The causes of posterior neck pain of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Brain surgery: Open surgery (trephination) Stereotaxic surgery (doctor’s version) Intraoperative

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Anterior neck pain

Anterior neck pain of scarring origin

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of anterior cervical pain of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Cervical spine surgery: Anterior approach Intraoperative head fixation system Thyroid and parathyroid surgery Cervical lymph

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Anterior head pain

Facial pain caused by scarring

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of anterior headaches of cicatricial origin are (non-exhaustive): Brain surgery: Open surgery (trephination) Stereotaxic surgery (doctor) Intraoperative head fixation system (doctor) Scalp and forehead

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Anterior chest pain

Placement or removal of an implantable port (SIEV)

Reminder Explain chronic pain Cicatricial neuropathies Associated myofascial syndromes that modify the clinical symptoms of cicatricial neuropathies. Description 3 approaches to the central venous network are possible, the puncture area can be the cause of

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Anterior head pain

Anterior head pain of scar origin

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of anterior headaches of cicatricial origin are (non-exhaustive): Brain surgery: Open surgery (trephination) Stereotaxic surgery (doctor) Intraoperative head fixation system (doctor) Scalp and forehead

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Guide to scar pain

Posterior pain of the head of scar origin

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of posterior pain of the head of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Brain surgery: Open surgery (trephination) Stereotaxic surgery (doctor subscription) Intraoperative head fixation system

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Anterior neck pain

Chronic pain after cervical spine surgery by anterior approach

Reminder Explain chronic pain Cicatricial neuropathies Associated myofascial syndromes that modify the clinical symptoms of cicatricial neuropathies. Description Anterior cervical spine surgery is done through an anterior and lateral incision in the midline of the

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Fibromyalgia

Diffuse Cicatricial Hyperesthesia Syndrome (CDHS) MEDECIN

This new clinical entity is found in a few patients with chronic pain. Définition   Cicatricial neuropathy affecting all of the scars found in a patient. Its current incidence is not known. There is probably

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Guide to scar pain

Shoulder and arm pain caused by scarring

We will first recall the notion of cicatricial neuropathy. The causes of shoulder and arm pain of scarring origin are (non-exhaustive): Shoulder, collarbone, thoraco-brachial outlet surgery Cervical spine surgery by posterior approach Cervical spine surgery

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Pathologies

Explain chronic pain MEDECIN ABONNE

This article is heavily inspired by the book “Explain Pain Supercharger” written by G. Lorimer Moseley and Davis S. Butler The biopsychosocial model to explain chronic pain This model takes into account the individual as

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Pathologies

Canal syndromes

Root canal syndromes: definition Nerve compression syndromes, called “ductal syndromes” (entrapment neuropathy in the English) are defined as the clinical translation of a conflict between a peripheral nerve trunk and a particular anatomical region of

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Pathologies

Tarsal tunnel syndrome

Pathophysiology. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a tunnel syndrome characterized by compression of the posterior tibial nerve and/or its distal terminal branches by the internal annular ligament. The posterior tibial nerve gives, in the retro-malleolar region,

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Pathologies

Ulnar canal syndrome at the elbow

Anatomical reminder 1- Radial nerve 2- vessels 3-Median nerve 4- Brachialis muscle 5- Humerus 6-Ulnar nerve 7- Olecranon The ulnar nerve travels in the epitrochleo-olecranon groove on the inner side of the elbow. It relates

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Pathologies

Carpal tunnel syndrome MEDECIN

Anatomical reminder Carpal tunnel syndrome is linked to compression of the median nerve in the wrist. The carpal tunnel is a narrow tunnel formed posteriorly by the carpal bones and anteriorly by the anterior annular

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Pathologies

Cervico-thoracic outlet syndrome

Anatomical reminder Cervico-thoracic parade syndrome corresponds to the compression of the brachial plexus (all of the upper limb nerves), the subclavian artery and/or the subclavian vein in the passage formed by the inter-scalènic parade and

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Pathologies

Cicatricial neuropathy

A new concept: Cicatricial neuropathy. The most misunderstood and yet the most frequent of the neuropathies responsible for neuropathic pain. Indeed, a recent study carried out by a Parisian pain center finds an incidence between

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Comprehensive Guide to Myofascial Pain

This guide lists pain related to myofascial syndrome in each part of the body. This first page allows you to choose a part of the body corresponding to your search. Your search results will not

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Muscle pain in the head and neck

Choose a clickable area on the following diagrams corresponding to the painful area:

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Muscle pain in the upper back, shoulder and arm

Choose a clickable area on the following diagrams corresponding to the painful area:

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Muscle pain in the elbow, arm and hand

Select the painful area that interests you from the following diagrams:

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Trunk muscle pain

Choose the painful area from the diagrams below.

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Muscle pain in the lower trunk, buttocks and pelvis

Choose the painful area that interests you by selecting it with a click:

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Muscle pain in the hip, thigh and knee

Select the painful area on the following diagrams:

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Muscle pain in the leg, ankle and foot

Choose a painful area: <

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain of myofascial origin in the posterior part of the ankle

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Soleus and tibialis posterior muscles

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior leg pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Tibialis anterior muscle (subscription) Hip adductors (subscription)

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior leg pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg (soleus, plantaris, tibialis posterior,

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior and medial knee pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Vastus medialis, rectus femoris and gracilis muscles (quadriceps femoris) Adductor muscles Sartorius

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lateral knee pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Vastus lateralis muscle (quadriceps femoris)

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior knee pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Rectus femoris and vastus medialis muscles (quadriceps femoris) Hip adductors

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Medial thigh pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Hip adductors Sartorius muscle Quadriceps femoris muscle  

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior thigh pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Gluteus minimus muscle Piriformis muscle Posterior thigh muscles Internal obturator muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior thigh pain of muscular origin

  Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Iliopsoas muscle Quadriceps femoris muscle Sartorius muscle Hip adductors

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior knee pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Muscle of the posterior compartment of the thigh (biceps femoris, semi-membranous, semi-tendinous)

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lateral hip and thigh pain

  Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Gluteus minimus muscle Square muscle of the loins Tensor fascia lata

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lateral chest pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Serratus anterior Latissimus dorsi muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior chest pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Pectoralis major muscle Pectoralis minor muscle Sternal muscle Scalene muscles Sternocleidomastoid muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lower posterior chest pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Iliocostal thoracic muscle Multifidus muscle Posterior and inferior serratus muscle Rectus abdominis

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Palmar finger pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Latissimus dorsi muscle Subclavian muscle Serratus anterior Infraspinatus muscle Flexor muscles of

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Palmar wrist and hand pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Pectoralis minor muscle Serratus anterior Infraspinatus muscle Flexor carpi radialis muscle Flexor

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior (palmar) forearm pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Serratus anterior Infraspinatus muscle Triceps brachii muscle Palmaris longus muscle Pronator teres

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior elbow pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Biceps brachii muscle Brachialis muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Back pain of the fingers of the hand

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles Infraspinatus muscle Subclavian muscle Latissimus dorsi muscle Finger extensor muscles

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior forearm pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles (small scalene) Teres major muscle Infraspinatus muscle Coracobrachialis muscle Triceps

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lateral ankle pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Fibular muscles

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the last 4 toes of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Flexor digitorum longus muscles Long extensor muscles of the toes Posterior tibialis

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Hallux pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Anterior tibialis muscle Posterior tibialis muscle Flexor longus muscles of the toes

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Dorsal pain in the forefoot of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Anterior tibialis muscle Extensor hallucis and hallux longus muscles Deep intrinsic muscles

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the underside of the foot of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg (soleus, gastrocnemius, tibialis posterior,

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Muscle pain in the heel

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Soleus and tibialis posterior muscles Plantar square muscle Hallux abductor muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Medial ankle pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Hallux abductor muscle Flexor digitorum longus muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior ankle pain of muscular origin

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Anterior tibialis muscle Fibular muscle Long extensor muscles of the toes

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Upper back pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles Levator scapula muscle Supraspinatus muscle Trapezius muscle Multifidus muscles Splenius

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Face and jaw pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Masseter muscle Lateral pterygoid muscle Medial pterygoid muscle Digastric muscle Trapezius muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Eye and eyebrow pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Temporal muscle Masseter muscle Orbicularis oculi muscle (subscription required) Sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle (subscription

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Toothache

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Temporal muscle               Digastric muscle Masseter

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Anterior neck pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Digastric muscle (on subscription) Media pterygoid muscle (on subscription) Sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle (on

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior neck pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Trapezius muscle Multifidus and semispinatus muscle Splenius muscle of the neck Levator

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Ear and temporomandibular joint pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Masseter muscle Sternocleidomastoid muscle Lateral pterygoid muscle Medial pterygoid muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the front (front) part of the head

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Occipito-frontal muscle Sternocleidomastoid muscle (subscription) Semispinatus muscle (subscription) Zygomaticus major muscle (subscription)

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the temporal part of the head

A number of muscles in the neck and head can be responsible for pain referred to the temporal part of the head. Trapezius muscle (by subscription). Splenius muscle Sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle (on subscription). Temporal muscle Sub-occipital

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the back of the head

The following muscles may be responsible for pain in the back of the head: Trapezius muscle Semispinatus muscle Splenius muscle of the neck Suboccipital muscles Occipito-frontal muscle Sternocleidomastoid muscle Digastric muscle Temporal muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Vertex pain of muscular origin

Two muscles can be responsible for this isolated pain: Sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle (on subscription) Splenius capitis muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pelvic pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Pelvic floor muscles Hip adductors

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lower abdominal pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Abdominal muscles Iliocostal muscle of the thorax Square muscle of the loins

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Buttock pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for this pain, a line can be selected for more detail on a particular muscle: Longissimus muscle of the thorax Iliocostal muscle of the lower back Multifidus

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Iliosacral pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Multifidus muscle Square muscle of the loins Gluteus maximus muscle Gluteus medius

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lower back pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Longissimus muscle of the thorax Thoracic and lumbar iliocostal muscles Multifidus muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Sacral and buttock pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Longissimus muscle of the thorax Iliocostal muscle of the loins Multifidus muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Abdominal pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Abdominal muscles   Iliocostal muscle of the thorax

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the back of the shoulder

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Deltoid muscle Levator scapula muscle Scalene muscles Supraspinatus muscle Teres major muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the back of the arm

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles Deltoid muscle Subscapular muscle Infraspinatus muscle Triceps brachii muscle Teres

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Posterior-median chest pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles Latissimus dorsi muscle Levator scapula muscle Iliocostal thoracic muscle Multifidus

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the front side of the shoulder

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Infraspinatus muscle Deltoid muscle Scalene muscles Supraspinatus muscle Pectoralis major muscle Pectoralis

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the front of the arm

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles Supraspinatus muscle Infraspinatus muscle Deltoid muscle Sternal muscle Subclavian muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Medial epicondyle pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Pectoralis major muscle Pectoralis minor muscle  

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Olecranon pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Triceps brachii muscle Posterior and superior serratus muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the external or lateral epicondyle

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Supinator muscle Supraspinatus muscle Triceps brachii muscle Anconeus muscle 4th and 5th

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Ulnar forearm pain

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Latissimus dorsi muscle   Pectoralis minor muscle Posterior and superior serratus muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Forearm pain on its radial edge

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Scalene muscles Supraspinatus muscle Infraspinatus muscle Subclavian muscle Brachioradialis muscle

Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Back pain in wrist and hand

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Latissimus dorsi muscle Posterior and superior serratus muscle Scalene muscles Subscapularis muscle

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Pain in the thumb and radial edge of the hand

Here is the list of muscles potentially responsible for these pains, a link can be selected for more details on a particular muscle: Infraspinatus muscle Scalene muscles Brachialis muscle Brachioradialis muscle Supinator muscle Flexor pollicis

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Serratus Anterior Myofascial Syndrome MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder Description It is made up of 3 groups of fibres: At the top, muscle fibers insert on the first rib and join behind the scapula. Intermediate, groups of fibers are inserted on the

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the pectoral muscle MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder Description Made up of the pectoral muscle which has 3 heads: Head Clavicular Sternal head costal leader An abdominal boss for some and subclavian muscle The subclavian muscle sits under the collarbone and

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the extensor muscles of the hand MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder Description 1 – Brachioradialis muscle 2 – Extensor carpi radialis longus 3 – Extensor carpi radialis brevis 4 – Abductor pollicis longus 5 – Thumb extensor brevis 6 – Long thumb extensor 7

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Facial neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia MEDECIN ABONNE

The trigeminal nerve (V: anatomical reminder), the V divided into 3 territories V1, V2 and V3. Description : It is most often a woman over 50, frequent around 70 years. The pain is systematized in

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the coracobrachialis muscle MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder The coraco-brachialis muscle attaches, above, to the coracoid process and, below, to the medial part, in its middle part, of the humeral diaphysis its function is the flexion and adduction of the arm

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Latissimus dorsi muscle myofascial syndrome ABONNE

Anatomical reminder This very extensive muscle is inserted, in its medial part, on the spines of the last 6 thoracic vertebrae, the 5 lumbar vertebrae, on the sacrum, on the iliac crest and on the

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Torticollis: myofascial syndrome of the levator scapula muscle MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder The levator scapula attaches above to the transverse processes of the first 4 cervical vertebrae and below to the superomedial angle of the scapula. Its role is: to elevate the medial aspect of

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the square muscle of the loins MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder   The anatomical insertions on 3 different structures give rise to 3 groups of fibers of different orientation: The fibers, which start at the top of the twelfth side and attach, at the

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the piriformis muscle and short lateral rotator muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder These muscles include: The piriformis muscle The upper and lower gastrocnemius muscles The square femoris muscle The internal and external obturator muscles 1- gluteus maximus muscle (cut) 2- gluteus medius muscle (sectioned) 3-

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the deep intrinsic muscles of the foot MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder The deep intrinsic muscles of the foot are composed of: plantar quadratus muscle lumbrical muscles flexor hallucis brevis muscle flexor muscle of the little toe interosseous muscles. 1- Lumbar muscles 2- Plantar square

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the extensor digitorum longus muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder Composed of 2 muscles: the extensor digitorum longus and the extensor hallucis longus. 1 -Tibia 2-Extensor hallucis longus muscle 3-Inferior extensor reticunalum 4-Tendon of the extensor hallucis longus 5-Tendon of the extensor digitorum

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the head and neck splenius MEDECIN

Anatomical reminder It is composed of an upper part, the splenius muscle of the head, and a lower part, the splenius muscle of the neck: They lie directly under the trapezius muscle. 1- semi-spinous of

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the popliteal muscle MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder It takes its proximal insertions on the lateral face of the external or lateral femoral condyle and distal from the medial side of the posterior face of the tibia. It prevents the femur

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the quadriceps femoris muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder Muscle composed of 4 heads: Right femoral vastus medialis Vast Intermediate wide lateral The muscles of the quadriceps group insert all 4, distally, on the patella. The patella is attached to the anterior

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the posterior leg muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder From the surface to the depth we find: –The gastrocnemius muscle composed of two heads, medial and lateral (former internal and external twin). It is inserted, proximally, on the posterior distal end of

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Pathologies

Low back pain of lumbosacral origin MEDECIN ABONNE

Part of the underlying descriptions are taken from Robert Maigne’s book: “Pain of spinal origin, understanding diagnosis and treatment” All of the elements making up the mobile spinal segments can be responsible for acute or

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the gluteus medius muscle: lumbago muscle MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomical reminder The posterior part of the gluteus medius muscle sits deep within the gluteus maximus muscle. Its lower part covers the small gluteus muscle. The proximal insertions of the muscle are on the anterior

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Pathologies

Pudendal nerve neuralgia MEDECIN ABONNE

Pathophysiology of neuralgia of the pudendal nerve Classic pudendal nerve neuralgia is a tunnel syndrome (like carpal tunnel syndrome). There are two areas of possible conflict in the pelvic area: at the level of the

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Pathologies

Pelviperineal innervation MEDECIN ABONNE

Description of the perineal pelvic innervation Perineal pelvic innervation by somatic nerves includes: The genitocrural nerve and the iliohypogastric nerve from levels D12-L1-L2, The cluneal (or lesser sciatic) nerve coming from L4-L5-S1 and The pudendal

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Sternal muscle myofascial syndrome MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomy of the sternal muscle The sternal muscle is an inconstant muscle whose fibers run parallel on either side of the sternum. They are located above the insertion of the pectoral muscle on the sternum

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Head and neck muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

The temporalis muscle The masseter muscle The digastric muscle The occipito-frontal muscles. Dental pain of muscular origin. The facial muscles. The lateral pterygoid muscle The medial pterygoid muscle The posterior neck muscles The suboccipital muscles

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Myofascial syndrome

Trunk muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

List of muscles referenced on the site: Pectoral major Small pectoral Scalenes Sternocleidomastoid Sternal Subclavian Myofascial syndromes of the abdominal muscles Serratus anterior Latissimus dorsi Posterior and inferior serratus Multifidus Thoracic iliocostal Lumbar iliocostal Longissimus

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Lower limb muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

List of lower limb muscles and associated myofascial syndrome. The quadratus lumborum muscle Pelvic floor muscles The gluteus minimus muscle The gluteus medius muscle The gluteus maximus muscle The piriformis and other lateral rotators muscles

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Upper limb muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

List of upper limb muscles and related myofascial syndrome: The teres major muscle. The teres minor muscle The subscapularis muscle. The supraspinatus muscle. The deltoid muscle The infraspinatus muscle The pectoralis major muscle The pectoralis

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Occipito-frontal myofascial syndrome MEDECIN ABONNE

Anatomy of the occipitofrontalis muscle. This muscle is composed of an anterior frontal part and an occipital part (in red). They are attached to an aponeurosis which covers the skull (in yellow) and which slides

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Dorso-lumbar junction syndrome

Thoracic junction syndrome MEDECIN ABONNE

Description Also described as Maigne syndrome, this syndrome combines lower back pain and/or pubalgia and/or lateral hip involvement (in yellow). The topography of this pain and the associated clinical signs correspond perfectly to the nervous

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Pathologies

Peripheral neuropathies MEDECIN ABONNE

Definition. The peripheral nervous system is composed of: – Spinal nerve roots, – the posterior spinal ganglia, – the peripheral nerves up to their terminal ramifications, – the autonomic nervous system, – the cranial nerves

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Pathologies

Peripheral nerves

Nerves are formed by the axons of nerve cells (the axon is an extension of the nerve cell). These axons are or are not surrounded by myelin sheath from other cells: Schawnn cells. Anatomy: A

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Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia MEDECIN ABONNE

This frequent pathology poses problems of public health, diagnosis, origin and finally treatment. Diagnosis of fibromyalgia Previously it was necessary to test by the pressure of the thumb from 11 to 18 points (The pressure

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Headache

Headache MEDECIN ABONNE

There are 3 main causes of headaches; Primary headaches (without underlying cause) Headache. Tension headache. Vascular cluster headaches. Other rarer pathologies. Secondary headaches. (with underlying causes) Linked to associated illnesses or trauma. Cranial neuralgia and

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Myofascial syndrome

Myofascial syndrome. MEDECIN LIBRE

The myofascial syndrome: introduction These pains of muscular origin are encountered daily by doctors but are unfortunately poorly understood or ignored. However, they are responsible in some patients for major and disabling functional impairment. The

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the abdominal muscles MEDECIN ABONNE

Pain related to the abdominal musculature often poses diagnostic problems. Indeed, the relationships with the underlying viscera are close. Thus, myofascial syndromes of the abdominal muscles can be responsible for digestive or genitourinary disorders such

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial supraspinatus muscle syndrome MEDECIN ABONNE

Rappel anatomique The supraspinatus or supraspinatus muscle attaches medially to the inside of the top of the scapula and laterally to the greater tuberosity of the humeral head (shoulder). (anatomyWikipédia) Myofascial supraspinatus muscle syndrome The

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Guide to pain of myofascial origin

Myofascial syndrome of the gluteus minimus: pseudo sciatica. MEDECIN ABONNE

Myofascial syndrome of the gluteus minimus muscle is responsible for pseudo-sciatica. The contracture of this muscle is responsible for pain projecting on the lateral part of the thigh sometimes up to the ankle (red zone).

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Head and neck muscles

Myofascial syndrome of the masseter muscle. MEDECIN LIBRE

The masseter muscle (muscle of the jaw, of mastication), (orange area) is located in front of the ear, from the lower jaw to the outer side of the eye. (Masseter muscle – Wikipedia) Referred pain

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Head and neck muscles

Temporal muscle myofascial syndrome ABONNE LIBRE

Headache related to contracture of an area of the temporalis muscle (orange area) is common. It is generally located at the level of the temple, above the orbit, and sometimes manifests itself by dental pain

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Headache

Migraine MEDECIN ABONNE

Description : Migraine is a pain in the head that is often one-sided, throbbing (painful beating of the “heart” in the head). This pain is often strong, even very strong. It is often accompanied by

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Headache

Tension headache MEDECIN ABONNE

This headache (headache), once considered essentially psychogenic, is very common since it affects between 30% and 78% of the general population. The diagnosis is made after at least ten episodes of headache. These episodes last

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Post operative chronic pain